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Wednesday, 23 Nov 2022

Plenary meeting of the Romanian and Spanish government delegations


First first joint meeting of the Governments of Romania and the Kingdom of Spain

Castellón de la Plana, November 23, 2022

Joint Declaration



The Prime Minister of Romania and the President of the Government of Spain, gathered in Castellón de la Plana (Spain), on the occasion of the first joint meeting of the Governments of Romania and the Kingdom of Spain, have adopted the following Joint Declaration:


Strengthening our bilateral relationship

1. Romania and Spain are friendly and allied states in Europe, in the Euro-Atlantic space, and on the international stage, and have built an exceptional relationship of trust, based on interpersonal ties between the two nations.

2. The organization of this first joint meeting of Romania and the Kingdom of Spain Governments, after the 140th anniversary, in 2021, of the establishment of diplomatic relations, represents a landmark moment of historical importance and consolidates an ever stronger and more dynamic relationship between the two countries located at the geographical edges of the European continent.

3. The treaty on friendly and cooperative relations between Romania and Spain from 1992, the Political Declaration signed by the heads of state in 2002, and the launch of the Bilateral Strategic Partnership in 2013 contributed to the creation of a unique and strong relationship between the two countries. This relationship reached a new level today, on the occasion of the first Spanish-Romanian Summit.

4. The first joint meeting of the Governments of Romania and the Kingdom of Spain represents an opportunity for the two countries to celebrate their historical and cultural ties. These are supported by the contribution of the dynamic and large community of Romanians living in Spain, which has contributed for decades to the social cohesion and economic development of Spanish society while keeping its own identity. We express our firm belief that the excellent level of bilateral relations between Romania and Spain can represent a catalyst for continuing to ensure favorable conditions for the Romanian community in Spain and the Spanish community in Romania so that they can prosper and further contribute to the development of bilateral relations.

Therefore, the two countries agree to establish a working group to analyze the solutions for granting dual citizenship to the members of the Romanian community in Spain.

5. Romania and Spain express their satisfaction with their significant economic relationship, which has considerably intensified since Romania's EU accession in 2007. The two states encourage the development of this relationship, especially in key sectors for both countries, such as energy from renewable sources, transport infrastructure, the automotive industry, other manufacturing industries, information technology, and communications, research and development, agriculture, digitalization, and tourism. To ensure its continued advancement, we recognize the importance of developing a stable and future-ready regulatory framework.

6. As a specific activity of the Strategic Partnership concluded by the two countries in 2013, Romania and Spain intend to strengthen and develop political dialogue and cooperation, through periodic consultations and cooperation at various levels, regarding issues of common interest in the field of foreign affairs.

7. In January 2022, the OECD Council decided to launch discussions regarding the accession to this organization of six countries, including Romania. The OECD accession process is a unique opportunity to modernize the Romanian economy, administration, and society as a whole, being, at the same time, an excellent opportunity to deepen political and economic cooperation with some of the most developed and dynamic economies in the world, including Spain. Both governments will exchange opinions, share experiences and identify possible collaboration programs to support Romania's path toward OECD membership.

8. In the field of defense, Romania and Spain emphasize a solid bilateral relationship, complemented by fruitful cooperation within NATO and the European Union. At the same time, both sides decided to intensify their political-military dialogue to further strengthen their cooperation, both bilaterally and multilaterally.

9. Romania and Spain confirm their commitment to cooperation, at the bilateral and European level, in the field of internal affairs, especially regarding security, strengthening their operational cooperation and coordination channels in the fight against cross-border crime, terrorism, organized crime, cybercrime, smuggling, and human trafficking.

10. In a context where transnational challenges and threats are constant, both countries support ambitious international cooperation to effectively fight human trafficking and all forms of crime derived from and related to it.

11. In the field of emergencies and civil protection, Romania and Spain decided to create a framework for the exchange of information and expertise, with the aim of fostering cooperation in emergency management, improving national resilience and reducing disaster risk. In addition, both sides are determined to facilitate coordination in this field and extend the exchange of expertise and competencies regarding prevention, preparation, reduction, response, and recovery.

12. Romania and Spain will continue judicial cooperation to implement the agreed instruments, to strengthen the protection of citizens' rights. They welcome the Romanian Government's decision to send a liaison magistrate to Spain and the Spanish Government's intention to explore the possibility of responding with a similar measure.

13. Romania and Spain agree to maintain their partnership in the field of labor and social protection, to strengthen and deepen their relations, especially in the fields targeted by the National Labor Inspectorates, as well as in the field of employment and to advance the exchange of information and good practices, including regarding employment services.

14. In the medical field, Romania and Spain undertake to intensify their exchange of information and best practices to strengthen their national health services, especially in the field of prevention and integrated management of communicable and non-communicable diseases.

15. Romania and Spain recognize the role of education, foreign language learning, and vocational training as key elements of bilateral relations and reiterate their commitment to maintaining and improving cooperation in the field of education, vocational training, and skills development, bilaterally and multilaterally. Specifically, the two countries highlight the promotion and revision of the legal framework regarding Spanish-Romanian bilingual specializations in schools in Romania, as well as the consolidation of Romanian language, culture, and civilization curricula in schools in Spain.

16. Romania and Spain, aware of the importance of interpersonal exchanges in their bilateral relationship, as well as of the positive and value-added presence of Spanish citizens in Romania and Romanian citizens in Spain, are determined to explore ways to improve their situation in both countries, in all aspects of daily life.

Towards a social, more inclusive, ecological, and digital European Union

17. Given the future Spanish Presidency of the Council of the European Union, in the second semester of 2023, both governments agree to collaborate to deepen European integration, for the benefit of all European citizens.

18. The two countries undertake to actively support the enlargement policy of the European Union, based on the fulfillment of the established accession criteria, and to promote regional cooperation, as a valuable contribution to European security. They support the European perspective of the Western Balkans, as well as the European path of the candidate states in the eastern neighborhood, Ukraine, and the Republic of Moldova.

19. Romania and Spain believe that the European Union must strengthen its role globally and project its values ​​and political influence in the Eastern and Southern Neighborhoods, an objective of special relevance in the context of current geopolitical developments.

20. Romania and Spain strongly reaffirm their full support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. The governments of Romania and Spain reiterate their commitment to the unity and solidarity of the European Union and its citizens in the face of Russia's unprovoked, unjustified and illegal aggression against Ukraine, which they strongly condemn. This aggression is contrary to the principles of international law, including international humanitarian law and the universal values ​​that unite the entire international community, as enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The war waged by the Russian Federation represents the gravest attack on the values ​​and principles that govern peaceful coexistence between nations.

21. The two countries express their strong commitment to strengthening all national and European mechanisms that ensure added value to the principles and policies regarding the EU-Ukraine Solidarity Lanes. They confirm their willingness to bilaterally identify ways and means to ensure safe lanes for Ukraine's agricultural exports as part of a solid solution for a global food security policy.

22. At the same time, considering the challenges that the Republic of Moldova faces, in turn, due to Russian aggression, the two countries will cooperate at the EU level to ensure the appropriate multidimensional support for the Republic of Moldova, a candidate state for EU accession, so that it can cope with the consequences of the security crisis in the region, including the energy crisis.

23. The governments of Romania and Spain call on Russia to order an immediate end to the attacks, which mainly hit the civilian population and vital infrastructure of Ukraine, demanding the complete, immediate, and unconditional withdrawal of Russian military personnel and other Russian forces from the territory of Ukraine, within Ukraine’s internationally recognized borders.

24. Romania and Spain agree that swift action is needed to deal with the energy crisis, exacerbated by Russia's actions, and protect households and the business sector. Both countries agree that accelerating the transition to green energy through the implementation of energy from renewable sources, electrification, and energy efficiency is the best solution to ensure a safe, cost-effective, and sustainable source of energy throughout the European Union.

25. Equally, they consider it imperative to move forward regarding the process of integrating the European energy market by increasing interconnectivity and harnessing new energy vectors, such as renewable hydrogen and energy storage. In this respect, a viable design from the perspective of the future of the European electricity market is necessary to ensure support for the decarbonization of this sector and the European economies as a whole.

26. Romania and Spain share the objective of strengthening the social dimension of the European Union, through the development of the European Pillar of Social Rights and the related Action Plan for the period 2021-2025. Both governments agree on the importance of the European Union adopting ambitious measures to ensure inclusive economic growth based on decent working conditions, improving working conditions for workers, especially on digital platforms, strengthening social dialogue, and creating a conducive framework for developing a social economy based on solidarity.

27. Romania and Spain support the creation of mechanisms conducive to fair minimum wages and incomes in all member states, as provided for in the European Social Charter.

28. The rapid implementation of Recovery and Resilience Plans is essential to help strengthen European economies and support the transition to a greener, more sustainable, and more digitalized economy. Aware of the degree of uncertainty in the current geopolitical context and the impact of its economic and financial consequences (especially inflation and the raw and construction materials shortage), both countries consider it essential to ensure a degree of flexibility in terms of the timing agreed to make the investments.

29. Romania and Spain welcome the recent European Commission communication on economic governance, which they consider a good and balanced starting point, taking into account the basic principles of national responsibility, medium-term planning, and the specificity of each country. Both countries have stated their commitment to promote rapid progress in negotiations to ensure legal certainty and security. In addition, it undertakes to protect and promote those elements that guarantee the effective implementation of the mentioned basic principles, such as the creation of a supervisory framework that encourages investments to stimulate economic growth, differentiated treatment for green investments, and investment in digitalization and proportionality at the time of extending the duration of structural fiscal plans.

30. Romania and Spain will work in a coordinated manner to ensure that European industrial product regulatory policies strengthen the competitiveness of the industrial sector while maintaining high standards of environmental protection, safety, and industrial quality.

31. Both governments support the open strategic autonomy of the European Union, as well as a system of rules that guarantees the unity of the single market, a regulatory regime that ensures harmonization, and a level playing field.

32. Regarding digitalization, Romania, and Spain will collaborate to ensure the exchange of information and possible collaboration formulas on initiatives and programs to support the SME's digitalization.

33. Romania and Spain highlight the importance of the Common Agricultural Policy for European food security and welcome the possibilities offered by the national strategic plans to establish support measures for agriculture tailored to the reality of each member state. They also commit to cooperating to strengthen the agricultural sector in the context of its transformation into a more sustainable European food system. In particular, Romania and Spain agree on the importance of innovation and knowledge transfer as levers of change to achieve more sustainable and profitable agriculture.

34. Both countries want to reach an agreement within the framework of the European Pact on Migration and Asylum that should reflect the principle of fair sharing of responsibilities and solidarity. Spain reiterates its support for the prompt and full integration of Romania in the Schengen area and, like Romania, reaffirms its commitment to supporting the development of a safe open-border area, allowing the uninterrupted free movement of people.

35. Regarding the issue of security and defense, Romania and Spain advocate for a European Union that is more capable, responsible, and capable of providing support, that plays a relevant role by implementing the Strategic Compass and in full complementarity with NATO and by avoiding overlaps, including in the current security context marked by Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine.

36. Romania and Spain highlight the need to implement and strengthen specific programs to counteract territorial disparities and demographic decline trends through institutional, economic, and infrastructure measures, the digitization of the administration, as well as other types of interventions that lead to an increase in the living standards of citizens. They agree on the importance of supporting the economic, social, and territorial cohesion policy of the European Union and will analyze the implementation of cooperation mechanisms to coordinate their positions regarding the debate on depopulation in the EU.

37. The governments of both countries will work together for a Europe where the gender perspective is included in all relevant policies and projects and where the rights of women and girls are placed at the heart of the European project. These will include policies against gender-based violence and the protection and promotion of sexual and reproductive rights. They will also include progress towards a rights-based system of assistance and co-responsibility, all by including a transversal perspective in line with the European Strategy for Gender Equality 2020-2025.

38. Both governments will promote policies to support women in managerial positions through their active participation in policy formulation and the economic field. They will advance in line with the EU Gender Equality Strategy, including combatting discrimination based on gender.

United to cope with global changes

39. Romania and Spain reiterate their status as cohesive partners in the European Union and allies that support the security of the Euro-Atlantic space within NATO, at a crucial moment for our societies after the illegal invasion of Ukraine by Russia.

40. Romania and Spain declare their commitment to a strong and consolidated NATO, focused on the full implementation of the Strategic Concept adopted in Madrid, with a special emphasis on strengthening the defense and deterrence of the Eastern Flank, while ensuring our contribution to a collective defense based on a 360-degree approach.

41. Both Governments express concern about the global effects of climate change, as evidenced by the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, and recognize in particular the increased impact of climate change on water resources, the prolonged droughts. Romania and Spain are committed to intensifying bilateral cooperation in the fight against desertification and collaborating to prevent and combat drought through a consolidated system of indicators. They recognize the need to mobilize appropriate investment and cooperation mechanisms to be able to anticipate and alert the population. Special mention should be made of the International Drought Resilience Alliance that the governments of Spain and Senegal coordinate alongside the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). Romania joins this Alliance and considers it a matter of particular importance.

42. Romania and Spain are also committed to intensifying bilateral cooperation in the field of sustainable irrigation, and the development of water-saving technologies such as optimized irrigation equipment and digitally assisted irrigation, and agree to promote opportunities for better water management.

43. Taking into account the implementation of the EU Strategy for the protection of the soil in the perspective of the year 2030, both countries are committed to working together to pay due attention to the problem of desertification. They also support the Commission's proposal to declare the European Union as an area affected by desertification, under the UNCCD. Both countries are committed to working together to make sure that the proposal for a Soil Health Law, which is to be presented by the European Commission in the second trimester of 2023 includes appropriately the issue of desertification amid the issues affecting the EU soil.

44. On the occasion of this first joint meeting of the Governments of Romania and the Kingdom of Spain, Romania, and Spain, beneficiaries of a historical and lasting friendship that continues to develop daily through political, economic, social, and cultural exchanges, undertake to strengthen their bilateral relations and to promote their special ties in all fields by organizing periodic bilateral summits and sign the following documents:

Memorandum of Understanding regarding the cooperation between the Ministry of Labor and Social Solidarity from Romania and the Ministry of Labor and Social Economy from the Kingdom of Spain

Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation of the Kingdom of Spain regarding Political Consultations

Memorandum of Cooperation between the Romanian Diplomatic Institute - the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania and the Diplomatic School attached to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation of the Kingdom of Spain regarding cooperation in the field of training diplomats

Memorandum of Understanding in the field of cultural cooperation between the Ministry of Culture of Romania and the Ministry of Culture and Sports of the Kingdom of Spain

Memorandum of Understanding in the field of civil protection between the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Romania and the Ministry of the Interior of the Kingdom of Spain

Memorandum of Understanding regarding the cooperation between the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Romania and the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food of the Kingdom of Spain in the field of agriculture and rural development

Memorandum of Understanding in the field of health between the Ministry of Health of Romania and the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Spain

 Răspundem cetăţenilor


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